They are the most common Task 1 questions. The data could be presented in a vertical or a horizontal form, and test takers are supposed to summarize the same.
The bar chart mentioned below presents the total whales, seals, and dolphin’s data provided in the Gormez Straits between 2006 and 2018. In this given task, the test takers are supposed to summarise the presented information by choosing and mentioning the primary features and making comparisons where relevant.
Make sure to write a minimum of 150 words.
The bar chart above is the evidence of data in the Gormez Straits that represent the total number of sea creatures present between 2006 and 2018. The three different colours have been used here to represent seals, whales, and dolphins. In the year 2006, Seals were on the higher side and Dolphins were on the lower side while the number of Whales present there was in mid of both.
The 2010 bar chart marks the presence of Whales in highest quantity, followed by Seals and Dolphins. Again in 2014, Seals were in maximum number, followed by Dolphins, and Whales on the least side. If we talk about the total number of whales, seals, and dolphins in 2018, Dolphins were in the maximum number, followed by Seals, and Whales on the least side.
The bar chart here is used to represent the total number of sea creatures in the Gormez Straits available between 2006 and 2018. It clearly demonstrates that the number of sea creatures in 2006, 2010, 2014, and 2018 have not remained constant. There has been an increase and decrease in their numbers.
Line graphs are another common part of IELTS Academic Writing Task 1. Compared to other kinds of tasks, Line Graphs are quite easy to interpret.
The provided graph below mentions the population of China and India from 2000 and predicts the increase in population till the year 2050. In this task, the test takers are supposed to present the information by choosing and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The minimum word count needed is 150 words.
Population today is a matter of concern for the world. Here, we are going to talk about the two Asian economies not only growing economically but also has population blast. The provided line graph here represents the population growth of the two countries China and India staring from the year 2000.
As evident, the Indian population in 2000 was 1000 billion and the Chinese population was 1200 billion which increased in 2010 to 1100 billion in India and 1300 billion in China. The line graph further reveals that the two countries population continued to grow at a fast speed. In 2020, Indian population reached 1300 billion and Chinese population to 1400 billion.
It is noticeable that India witnessed a sharp rise from 2000 to 2050 in the population, that is, from 1000 billion to 1,600 billion. However, in case of China, steep increase was observed from 2000 to 2020, followed by a gradual fall till 2050.
The line graph clearly predicts the unexpected increase in population for India till the year 2050. The source of information here is the UN Population Division.
Many times, the information is also presented in the table form in Task 1. A few test takers find it difficult to interpret the facts as they are just sets of numbers with no visual representation. However, understanding the numbers is not a difficult task. Since the IELTS exam is designed to evaluate the language skills of the candidates, so it has nothing to do with the mathematics ability.
The tables provided below present information regarding the world population and distribution in 1950 and 2000, with an estimate of the situation in 2050. Now the test takers are supposed to summarise the information by choosing and mentioning the main highlights and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
The table illustrates the percentage of world population in the different continents in 1950 and 2000. It also presents the estimate and the situation of population in 2050. It is evident that the world population in 1950 was 2.5 billion which increased at a fast pace and is recorded 6.0 billion in 2000. The table also illustrates the estimated world population in 2050 to be 9.0 billion. The table further describes the world population distribution by region in 1950 and 2000 along with the estimated population in 2050.
To begin, the population recorded in 1950 in Africa, Asia, and Europe was 9%, 56%, and 22% respectively. In 2000, the regions like Latin America, North America, and Oceania recorded the population 9%, 5%, and 1% respectively. The regions like Africa, Asia, and Latin America have witnessed growth in population in the year 2000 in comparison to the population in 1950. On the other hand, the regions namely Europe and North America have recorded decrease in population growth.
To conclude, the estimated population in 2050 for Africa is on higher side in comparison to 1950 and 2000 whereas Asia, Europe, and North America have the estimation of decrease in population in 2050. The table is also the evidence of the highest recorded population in Asia and lowest in Oceania. Thus, the table has made the distribution of world population by region easy to understand.
Though pie charts are not very common as bar charts and line graphs, still sometimes they are included as a part of IELTS writing task 1. Pie charts are another great way of visually presenting data.
The chart provided below mentions the reasons why people travel to work by bicycle or by car. Now use the same information, key features, etc. to make a meaningful comparison.
The word count must be a minimum of 150 words.
The Pie Chart above is used to detail the key reasons for cycling to work and driving to work. It also illustrates the reasons with percentage of the people using cycle and car to drive for work.
Firstly, the major reasons for cycling to work include health and fitness, less population, no costs, no parking problems, and faster than driving. Now, we look at the percentage given to each reason. This percentage is represented in the pie chart using different colours. The people cycling to work for health and fitness are 30 percent and for the less population reasons the percentage are also 30. The people who use cycle to reach workplace for the reasons like no parking problems, no costs and faster than driving are 15%, 13, and 12% respectively.
The second pie chart covers the percentage of people driving to work for a host of reasons. The key reasons for driving to work include comfort, distance to work, faster than cycle, safer than cycling, and the need to carry things to work. Each reason above is illustrated using unique colours. It can be witnessed that the reason ‘comfort’ has achieved the maximum stake of 40 per cent. The reason ‘safer than cycling’ gets the lowest of 11 per cent. The reasons namely the need to carry things to work, faster than cycling, and distance to work has scored 14, 14, and 21% respectively.
Process Diagram is another task which consists of a natural process like the water cycle, a manufacturing process, or the diagram of a system like a central heating system in a house.
For example –
The diagrams present a structure useful in generating electricity from wave point. Here the test takers need to summarise the given facts by tapping and highlighting the main features and make comparisons where necessary. The word count must be not less than 150 words.
The process diagrams give a pictorial illustration of structure that is used to generate electricity from wave point.
As observed, electricity generation is a complex process and needs a careful execution. Here, diagram A demonstrates the key essential elements that include wave, cliff or sea wall, chamber, air, turbine, and column used to generate electricity. Each element has its own importance and function, and these elements together help in the complete process of electricity generation.
Both the process diagrams A & B illustrates the construction of columns constructed along with the sea wall. The turbine for the flow of air can be seen within the column. The turbine moves in the same direction and is fixed in a way that it can move smoothly. The waves are compressed and decompressed by the turbine movement. It is channeled using a wind turbine generator for the electricity production.
The diagrams show that waves are converted to electricity using the wave energy and for the same the structure is illustrated using the two process diagrams A & B.
Sometimes, the IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 question consists of a map. The test takers are asked to compare two or three maps of a place over a period of time similarly to the way asked in this question.
For example –
The diagrams presented below mention the changes that occur at Queen Mary Hospital since inception in 1960. Summarise the information by choosing and mentioning the key features, and make comparisons wherever needed.
Write not less than 150 words.
(Source – ielts-exam.net)
The multiple maps are used to illustrate the changes that took place at Queen Mary Hospital since its establishment in the year 1960. These maps seem self-explanatory and help to identify substantial changes occurred at the Queen Mary Hospital.
To begin, the 1960 maps show a dedicated space for shopping centre and a farmland whereas the 1980 maps mark the redesigning done. According to the 1980 diagram map, a cancer centre and pharmacy has been setup in place of shopping centre displayed in 1960 map. Further, the farmland in map 1960 displayed in green colour is replaced by a Nursing School.
The map of the year 2000 witnesses the expansion of the Cancer Centre. The space allocated for the Nursing School in 1980 map is used to expand the Cancer Centre. The Nursing School is made in 2000 within the space allocated for Car Park in 1980. The main road to the hospital remains same since its inception in 1960 until 2000.
Thus, the three different maps of 1960, 1980, and 2000 above illustrate the changes taking place within the Queen Mary Hospital premises at varied intervals.
Multiple graph questions have more than one type of diagram and very common form of task. In most cases, they consist of two diagrams like a bar chart and a line graph or a pie chart and a table as in this sample question.
For example –
The diagrams provided below mention the facts on transport and use of car in Edmonton. Brief the facts carefully by selecting the key features, and put a comparison among them.
Mention the same in minimum 150 words.
The multiple diagrams are used to explain the reason of people for using car in the city Edmonton. The first diagram represents the user percentage. There are different colours used to represent various means of transportation.
It is evident from the first diagram that 45% of the people in Edmonton city use car for one or the other reasons. So, car is used by the maximum number of people to move from one place to another. LRT (Light Rail Transit) has the second largest users in the city. The percentage of users using bus and taxi is 10%.
The second graph illustrates the percentage of reasons for which car is used to commute. The reason using a car to commute to work gets the highest voting of 55% followed by the reason for business purpose, that is, 45%. In this race, the third position is achieved by the reason taking children to school and it gets the score 40%. The people using car in the city for shopping and leisure activities comes in the 15% bracket each.